Parkinson’s disease affects the nerve cells within the brain that produce dopamine. Parkinson’s syndrome symptoms include muscle rigidity, tremors, and changes in speech and gait. once diagnosis, treatments will help relieve symptoms, however there’s no cure.
Dementia symptoms might include asking the same queries repeatedly; turning into lost in acquainted places; being unable to follow directions; obtaining disoriented concerning time, people, and places; and neglecting personal safety, hygiene, and nutrition. people with dementia lose their skills at totally different rates.
Main Causes for memory loss
- Minor Head Injuries
- Emotional Disorders
- Alcoholic Products
- Deficiency of Vitamin B-12
- Brain Diseases like as Brain Tumors
The majority of Parkinson’s patients are treated with medications to relieve the symptoms of the disease. These medications work by stimulating the remaining cells in the substantia nigra to produce more dopamine (levodopa medications) or by inhibiting some of the acetylcholine that is produced (anticholinergic medications), therefore restoring the balance between the chemicals in the brain. It is very important to work closely with the doctor to devise an individualized treatment plan. Side effects vary greatly by class of medication and patient.
Treatments for Parkinson’s Disease
- Electrical stimulation
- VIM thalamus, globus pallidus internus, sub-thalamic nucleus
- Autologous adrenal, human fetal, xenotransplants, genetically engineered transplants
Surgical treatments can be roughly divided into three separate categories. The first is ablative, in which stereotactic lesions are made in very specific anatomical locations within the brain. The second is deep brain stimulation, where an electrode is placed within specific areas of the brain and a high-frequency pulsatile voltage is used to mimic the effects of ablation. The third is cell transplantation where extraneous cells are placed into the striatum of the brain in an attempt to mimic the function of substantia nigra cells which perish in Parkinson’s disease.
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