SCIATICA

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Sciatica refers to pain that radiates on the path of the sciatic nerve. Typically, sciatica affects just one side of your body.

Sciatica most ordinarily happens once a herniated disk, bone spur on the spine or narrowing of the spine (spinal stenosis) compresses a part of the nerve. This causes inflammation, pain and infrequently some symptom within the affected leg.

Symptoms

Pain that radiates from your lower (lumbar) spine to your buttock and down the rear of your leg is that the hallmark of sciatica. you would possibly feel the discomfort virtually anyplace on the nerve tract, however it’s particularly possible to follow a path from your low back to your buttock and also the back of your thigh and calf.

The pain will vary widely, from a light ache to a pointy, burning sensation or torturous pain. generally it will feel like a jolt or electrical shock. It will be worse after you cough or sneeze, and prolonged sitting will irritate symptoms. 

Causes

Sciatica happens once the sciatic nerve becomes pinched, sometimes by a herniated disk in your spine or by an overgrowth of bone (bone spur) on your vertebrae. more rarely, the nerve are often compressed by a tumor.

Although the pain related to sciatica are often severe, most cases resolve with non-operative treatments during a few weeks. Those who have severe sciatica associated with significant leg weakness or bladder changes may well be candidates for surgery.

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